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Thursday, February 28, 2013

Chapter 4: Words of same sense but of diverse degrees


Carpas we a saw, is a fish. 
But, as a verb , carp means to complain too much. 
When we carp, we complain constantly about some very unimportant matters. 
Carp in this sense is the opposite of compliment

If we get a pair of terms like
CARP: COMPLAIN
how do we connect them? 

The first term in the pair is undesirably higher in its degree of intensity than the second. The two terms basically mean the same, but are not exact synonyms. One is higher in degree than the other and undesirable as well. 

Again, this is a common kind of analogy that we encounter in the tests. 
A parallel example of the above can be

IMPORTUNE: REQUEST 
When we importune, we repeatedly request in an annoying manner.

Another example:
GRILL: QUESTION
When we grill someone, we question him/her too much, maybe, even using the third degree. 

Yet another example:

PRY: ENQUIRE
When we pry into some one's affairs, we enquire into them so deeply as to make it uncomfortable for him/her.

Here follow other examples of the same type of analogy :
(In some cases  the part of speech may change, but the link between the terms remains the same.)

GROVEL: PETITION
ENTANGLE: INVOLVE
GUZZLE : DRINK
GLARING: BRIGHT
DEAFENING: LOUD
EXHORT: SUGGEST
GOAD: DIRECT
PENURIOUS(miserly): FRUGAL(economical)
OBSEQUIOUS(obedient like a slave): COMPLIANT(willing to obey)
GARRULOUS: (intolerably talkative)TALKATIVE
CLOYING(intolerably sweet): SWEET
PARANOID(madly suspicious) SUSPICIOUS
IDOLATROUS( madly devoted): ADMIRING.
BELABOR( repeatedly state): ASSERT
FUSS: TEND(nurse)
QUIXOTIC(madly dreamy): IDEALISTIC
TOUCHYSENSITIVE
ZEALOUS(fanatical): ENTHUSIASTIC
CHAUVINISTICPATRIOTIC
PRODIGAL: GENEROUS
ARROGANT: CONFIDENT
OFFICIOUS: ATTENTIVE
DOTE: LIKE
UPBRAID: REPROACH
GULLIBLE: TRUSTING
CREDULOUS: TRUSTING
QUERULOUS: COMPLAINING
PROFLIGATE: SPENDING
SERVILE: COMPLIANT

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